Probiotics to Prevent C. difficile Infections: Time for Clinical Recommendations?

Nicole Shen of New York-Presbyterian Hospital – Weill Cornell Medical Center and co-authors conducted an updated systematic review and meta-analysis on evidence for the efficacy of probiotics to prevent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). They conducted this review for the stated … Continue reading

Probiotic Guidelines, Then and Now

Earlier this month, the Council for Responsible Nutrition and the International Probiotics Association (IPA) announced the publication of probiotic guidelines. This is not the first effort to develop probiotic guidelines. Those were developed in May of 2002, by a panel … Continue reading

International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics Addresses Antibiotic Stewardship

The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) initiated a project this fall to determine if probiotics can reduce antibiotic use. In the context of an individual person, reduced antibiotic use means fewer adverse effects, reduced chance to develop … Continue reading

A Bifidobacterium that Sticks Around

In the early years of probiotic research, it was common to test probiotics for their ability to adhere. The rationale was that probiotics that can adhere are preferred, as they could stick around longer to confer health effects. The problem … Continue reading

Health Benefits of Fermented Foods

At the 2016 meeting of the International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics, Professors Robert Hutkins (University of Nebraska) and Maria Marco (University of California – Davis) convened a workshop on “Prebiotics and Probiotics in Fermented Foods.” Along with global … Continue reading

No Impact of Probiotics on Gut Microbiota Composition

Everyone knows that probiotics “promote a healthy microbiota composition” right? This common but unsubstantiated generalization was challenged by a recent review. Kristensen et al (2016) conducted a systematic review of seven randomized, controlled trials that assessed fecal samples using shotgun … Continue reading